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97' 1, page 19

Belopolskaya N. L.
Zone's of proximal development cognitive and affective components in mentally retarded children

The hypothesis on the necessity of two L. S. Vygotsky's important notions: of the unity of intellect and affect and of zone of proximal development amalgamation is presented. Actual and possible levels of understanding of short stories in normal and mentally retarded children were used as an experimental model. Two-dimension scale for understanding level evaluation in 6-year-olds was worked out. 5-score scale of answer evaluation and 3 ways of story's presentation (including combination of personal and rational contents) played the role of measures. The results of experiment show that cognitive and affective components of actual and possible levels of understanding can be used as diagnostic tool for cognitive development in mentally retarded children prediction.

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