" Voprosy psychologii "
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96' 5, page 110

Yaroshevsky M. G.
When have L. S. Vygotsky and his scientific school appeared in psychology?

The beginnings of L. S. Vygotsky's scientific career in psychology are described. Most of the studies place it in 1924, when L. S. Vygotsky came to Moscow from Gomel and together with A. N. Leont'ev and A. R. Luria founded "cultural-historical school". The author argues that there were previous periods of scientific work: Moscow pre-Revolutionary ("Hamlet" treatise), Gomel ("Pedagogical psychology") and Moscow earlier post-revolutionary (defectology studies, "Psychology of art"). The author criticizes A. M. Etkind's views on determining influence of S. Freud's follower S. Spielrein and her concept of "inclination to destruction" on L. S. Vygotsky: on the contrary, L. S. Vygotsky and A. R. Luria presented their own interpretation of "death instinct" -creativeness is social opposition to it.

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