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Yaroshevsky M. G.
When have L. S. Vygotsky and his scientific school appeared in psychology?
The beginnings of L. S. Vygotsky's scientific
career in psychology are described. Most of the
studies place it in 1924, when L. S. Vygotsky came
to Moscow from Gomel and together with A. N.
Leont'ev and A. R. Luria founded
"cultural-historical school". The author argues
that there were previous periods of scientific
work: Moscow pre-Revolutionary ("Hamlet"
treatise), Gomel ("Pedagogical psychology") and
Moscow earlier post-revolutionary (defectology
studies, "Psychology of art"). The author
criticizes A. M. Etkind's views on determining
influence of S. Freud's follower S. Spielrein and
her concept of "inclination to destruction" on L.
S. Vygotsky: on the contrary, L. S. Vygotsky and
A. R. Luria presented their own interpretation of
"death instinct" -creativeness is social
opposition to it.
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