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" " (1995-1999 .).  ... 

SUMMARIES

Differential approach to structural analysis of roain components of pedagogical abilities

N. A. Arnlnov

Automated psycho-diagnostical system for pedagogical abilities evaluation is presented. Its effectiveness depends on theoretical model of main components of special abilities, the means of empirical validity of the model control, existing test bank. The conforming to abovementioned criteria makes it possible to point out system-forming factor and corresponding symptomoconiplex in the structure of pedagogical abilities.

Psychological state of high school students changing their social environment

Yu. m. Desyalnlkova

The results of investigation in high school students of psychological resistance to the stress of emigration are presented. The author suggests a test combining the principles of projective tests and personality questionnaires which provides a quantitative measure for attitudes towards search activity, stereotype behavior, passive renunciation of search, and panic. It is shown that attitude towards search activity is the most protective one. The study is oriented to both diagnostic and correction of different psychological adjustment syndromes.

Different methods of geometrical problems* solving as a means to develop schoofchlldren's thinking

K. V. Voskanyan

The author argues that analytical way of thinking in geometrical problems'solving and in graphic interpretation plays the most important role in the development of thinking in general. Starting point of analytical thinking is the notion to be found and its equivalent features. The latter are the determinants of the level of thinking.

Appreciative aspect of conflict communication

T. N. Oushiikova, V. V. Latynov

The authors analyse psychologically the communicative production and texts produced during political conflict discussions in Russia,19921994 and 1907 (The Second State Duma). It is found that one of the most common intentions is to apprise events, persons and their actions. Conflict communications are characterized by negative evaluation of the opponents and positive evaluation of ownself and one's supporters. The types of mental cliches that appear in such a communication are pointed out. A simple method for quantitative evaluation of appreciative function is offered; the latter can be traced not only in contemporaiy discussions, but in those of almost a centuiy ago: it shows universal character of the phenomenon.

General characteristics of thinking and mathematical thinking In particular

R. Atahanov

The author discusses empirical and theoretical levels of thinking in general and mathematical thinking in particular. The latter was studied on schoolchildren 1117 years old. Analytical features of mathematical thinking correspond with analytical, planning and reflexive levels of general thinking. Planning level of mathematical thinking was found in schoolchildren with planning and reflexive levels of general thinking. The author concludes that the highest level of niathematical thinking is determined by existing general level.

Two-dimensional space of communicative Interaction models

M. V. Molokanov

Basic factors for description and evaluation of effectiveness in social activity are described (interest in another person and dominance). They are used for a new classification of social professions as well as for communicative interaction models for a psychologist to choose (diagnostical, expert, medical, pedagogical, consultative, etc. ).

Social competence as psychotherapy goal: A problem of I-lmage In social disturbance situation

J. MchI

A problem of disturbances of social competence in citizens of the new Federal Lands of Germany (former GDR. ) after reunification of the state is discussed. The concept of social competence is considered to be connected, on the one hand, with a degree of person's competence and, on the other hand, with situation requirements and changes in social structure. Based on empirical studies of mental health in population of Eastern Germany, it is concluded that an innovative psychotherapy strategy is needed for treatment of social competence disturbances. Significant social conceptions in socialist and in post-industrial societies are regarded as being conflated with goals of psychotherapy.

Self-regulation In the situation of social upheaval

A. P. Kornilov

The article is inspired by J. MehFs publication and discusses some problems connected to the ways of social competence increase in the situation of social upheaval: it is necessary to consider contexts of self-identification and self-regulation of a person; it is impossible to make the psychotherapist to solve patient's problem of self-determination in new social conditions.

A. A. Oukhtomsky's contribution to psycho-logical physiology

V. P. Zinchenko

The author offers main features of an address on 125-th anniversary of A. A. Ookhtomsky, made on a conference, Rybinsk, June 1995.

Psychologist's formation V. P. Zincheoko

The article reconstructs events influencing A. V. Zaporozhets' psychological orientation and finally leading to his psychological specialization A. V. Zaporozhets* scientific biography is outlined.

A. V. Zaporozhets Ideas on flchookhikl's personality development

D. M. Aranovskaya'DubovIs, E. V. Zaika

The authors analyse and systematize A. V. Zaporozhets' views on schoolchild's personality features (morals, social determinants, emotional regulation of behavior, etc. ) in the course of play, productive and artistic activity.

On early works of LV. Strakhov

S. A. Bogdanchikov

For the first time Professor I. V. Strakhov's nine early works (19261930) are considered. Four of them are dealing with practical matters of pedagogical psychology. The rest is dedicated to critical analysis of actual for the time theoretical problems: problem of types, problem of theoretical method, problem of corresponding of descriptive and explaining psychology. Special attention is paid to marxism's role in early I. V. Strakhov's works.

The comparison of personal features ia Russian and American students

T. V. Korniluva, E. L. Grigorenko

Comparative analysis of Russian and American students  personal features estimated by Edwards Personal Preference Schedule is presented. Culturoligical context of differences in psychological profiles of two samples is discussed.

Activity volitional regulation disturbances in schizophrenics and psychopaths

LV. Zyabkba

Bxperimental study on interrelation between volitional activity regulation and many-sided personal sense of volitional action is presented. The possibility to compensate volitional activity disfunction is found in the personal-motivational new formations; the need to conform to social norms and to be accepted by the others.

The approaches to behavior changes due to medical preventive programme in the USA

O. S. Koplna, A. MacAlister

Theoretical background and applied methods of behavior change are considered. Among theoretical models used are the follows: transtheo-re-tical one (J. Prochaska and C. DiClemente), health beliefs (I. Rosenstock, H. Leventhal et al. ) and consumer's information processing <J. Bettman); much attention is paid to A. Bandura*s theory of social learning. As successful application of theoretical notions the medical preventive programme A Su Salud is described.

 



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