Differential approach to structural analysis of roain components of pedagogical
N. A. Arnlnov
Automated psycho-diagnostical system for pedagogical abilities evaluation is presented.
Its effectiveness depends on theoretical model of main components of special abilities,
the means of empirical validity of the model control, existing test bank. The conforming
to abovementioned criteria makes it possible to point out system-forming factor and
corresponding symptomoconiplex in the structure of pedagogical abilities.
Psychological state of high school students changing their social environment
Yu. m. Desyalnlkova
The results of investigation in high school students of psychological resistance to the
stress of emigration are presented. The author suggests a test combining the principles of
projective tests and personality questionnaires which provides a quantitative measure for
attitudes towards search activity, stereotype behavior, passive renunciation of search,
and panic. It is shown that attitude towards search activity is the most protective one.
The study is oriented to both diagnostic and correction of different psychological
Different methods of geometrical problems* solving as a means to develop schoofchlldren's
K. V. Voskanyan
The author argues that analytical way of thinking in geometrical problems'solving and in
graphic interpretation plays the most important role in the development of thinking in
general. Starting point of analytical thinking is the notion to be found and its
equivalent features. The latter are the determinants of the level of thinking.
Appreciative aspect of conflict communication
T. N. Oushiikova, V. V. Latynov
The authors analyse psychologically the communicative production and texts produced during
political conflict discussions in Russia,1992—1994 and 1907 (The Second State Duma). It
is found that one of the most common intentions is to apprise events, persons and their
actions. Conflict communications are characterized by negative evaluation of the opponents
and positive evaluation — of ownself and one's supporters. The types of mental
«cliches» that appear in such a communication are pointed out. A simple method for
quantitative evaluation of appreciative function is offered; the latter can be traced not
only in contemporaiy discussions, but in those of almost a centuiy ago: it shows universal
character of the phenomenon.
General characteristics of thinking and mathematical thinking In particular
The author discusses empirical and theoretical levels of thinking in general and
mathematical thinking in particular. The latter was studied on schoolchildren 11—17
years old. Analytical features of mathematical thinking correspond with analytical,
planning and reflexive levels of general thinking. Planning level of mathematical thinking
was found in schoolchildren with planning and reflexive levels of general thinking. The
author concludes that the highest level of niathematical thinking is determined by
existing general level.
Two-dimensional space of communicative Interaction models
M. V. Molokanov
Basic factors for description and evaluation of effectiveness in social activity are
described (interest in another person and dominance). They are used for a new
classification of social professions as well as for communicative interaction models for a
psychologist to choose (diagnostical, expert, medical, pedagogical, consultative, etc. ).
Social competence as psychotherapy goal: A problem of I-lmage In social disturbance
A problem of disturbances of social competence in citizens of the new Federal Lands of
Germany (former GDR. ) after reunification of the state is discussed. The concept of
social competence is considered to be connected, on the one hand, with a degree of
person's competence and, on the other hand, with situation requirements and changes in
social structure. Based on empirical studies of mental health in population of Eastern
Germany, it is concluded that an innovative psychotherapy strategy is needed for treatment
of social competence disturbances. Significant social conceptions in socialist and in
post-industrial societies are regarded as being conflated with goals of psychotherapy.
Self-regulation In the situation of social upheaval
A. P. Kornilov
The article is inspired by J. MehFs publication and discusses some problems connected to
the ways of social competence increase in the situation of social upheaval: it is
necessary to consider contexts of self-identification and self-regulation of a person; it
is impossible to make the psychotherapist to solve patient's problem of self-determination
in new social conditions.
A. A. Oukhtomsky's contribution to psycho-logical physiology
V. P. Zinchenko
The author offers main features of an address on 125-th anniversary of A. A. Ookhtomsky,
made on a conference, Rybinsk, June 1995.
Psychologist's formation V. P. Zincheoko
The article reconstructs events influencing A. V. Zaporozhets' psychological orientation
and finally leading to his psychological specialization A. V. Zaporozhets* scientific
biography is outlined.
A. V. Zaporozhets’ Ideas on flchookhikl's personality development
D. M. Aranovskaya'DubovIs, E. V. Zaika
The authors analyse and systematize A. V. Zaporozhets' views on schoolchild's personality
features (morals, social determinants, emotional regulation of behavior, etc. ) in the
course of play, productive and artistic activity.
On early works of LV. Strakhov
S. A. Bogdanchikov
For the first time Professor I. V. Strakhov's nine early works (1926—1930) are
considered. Four of them are dealing with practical matters of pedagogical psychology. The
rest is dedicated to critical analysis of actual for the time theoretical problems:
problem of types, problem of theoretical method, problem of corresponding of descriptive
and explaining psychology. Special attention is paid to marxism's role in early I. V.
The comparison of personal features ia Russian and American students
T. V. Korniluva, E. L. Grigorenko
Comparative analysis of Russian and American students’ personal features estimated
by Edwards Personal Preference Schedule is presented. Culturoligical context of
differences in psychological profiles of two samples is discussed.
Activity volitional regulation disturbances in schizophrenics and psychopaths
Bxperimental study on interrelation between volitional activity regulation and many-sided
personal sense of volitional action is presented. The possibility to compensate volitional
activity disfunction is found in the personal-motivational new formations; the need to
conform to social norms and to be accepted by the others.
The approaches to behavior changes due to medical preventive programme in the USA
O. S. Koplna, A. MacAlister
Theoretical background and applied methods of behavior change are considered. Among
theoretical models used are the follows: transtheo-re-tical one (J. Prochaska and C.
DiClemente), health beliefs (I. Rosenstock, H. Leventhal et al. ) and consumer's
information processing <J. Bettman); much attention is paid to A. Bandura*s theory of
social learning. As successful application of theoretical notions the medical preventive
programme «A Su Salud» is described.