КАЛЕНДАРЬ МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫХ КОНФЕРЕНЦИЙ
The personality and the essence: Inner and outer "Self of human being
A. B. Orlov
The article re-interprets traditional problematics of personality psychology and presents
the concept of human personality and the essence as different (in its nature, origin and
functions) psychological instances. The problems of personality structure, its formation,
specificity of self-consciousness and its interrelations with the essence are discussed.
The drama of these interrelations in human life is determined as subject of humanistic
Humanitarian psychology: The subject and functions
L. I. Vorob'eva
The results of philosophical and psychological roots of humanitarian psychology analysis
are presented. Humanitarian psychology is considered to be post-classic stage of human
being studies. Ten methodologic principles of humanitarian psychology are formulated and
the attempt is made to show its origin in the broader understanding of natural sciences.
Elaboration of personality-centered education technology
I. S. Yakimanskaya
Different approaches to personality-oriented education are described. The author offers a
model of such an education based on the recognition of pupil's subjective experience as an
independent source of mental development. The notion of original self-sufficing subjective
experience in education makes it necessary to elaborate pedagogical technology including
an analysis of the means of learning activity;
student's independent choice of personally meaningful context of a curriculum through the
construction of its content; equal discussion about it with a teacher; enrichment and
transformation of subjective experience through education.
An experience in psychologo-pedagogical programming of teaming to read by the preschoolers
N. S. Pantina
The position of reading skills in general ontogenetic development of a preschooler is
determined: it is a part of sign-system intellect formation. The representation of reading
as of normative activity enables to examine the level of individualization and
subjectivation of child's activity (special means of transformation, characteristic
mistakes, main difficulties). It is a way to individualization of education and effective
governing of educative processes.
Temporal aspect of self-image in senior preschoolers
T. V. Ermolova, I. S. Komortseva
Psychological time as perceived by preschoolers is experimentally studied in personality
and communicative context of early development. It enables one to specify psychologic time
psychosemantics and to mark out the personal contacts as leading factor in temporal
aspects of self-consciousness in preschoolers. The unit of psychological time analysis is
self-image in the past, in the present and in the future considered as a unity of
cognitive and affective components of temporal self-regulation in young children.
Poli-modal approach and its application to child giftedness diagnostics
I. A. Kurbatova
The problems of child giftedness diagnostics are analyzed and substantiated by a
poli-modal approach. The results of experimental study illustrate the poli-modal approach
and demonstrate its predictive and heuristic advantages.
The influence of Stalinist repressions of the thirties on family life in three generations
K. Baker, Yu. B. Gippenreiler
The study of life stories of Stalinist repressions victims' grandchildren confirms M.
Bowen's hypothesis on correlation between vertical cutoff and the efficiency of
functioning in posterior generations. This correlation is demonstrated for "basic
functioning". "Social functioning" in modem world is connected to
grandchildren's inheritance of moral and ideal values of grandparents, active search of
contacts with family roots ("family resources" after V. Satir) and the second
and third generations' active protests against authoritarian regime.
Why do the Americans and Russians lie:
Russian psychologist's reflections on P. Eckman's book
V. V. Znakov
Psychological peculiarities of lie comprehension in Western and Russian cultures are
discussed. Western definitions of lie usually mention the person who is lied to; the lie
is considered to be one of the forms of violence -violation the rights of this person.
Such a comprehension is called moral-legal one. Russian tradition sees in lie morally
wrong action of a liar, and Russian dictionaries for the most part do not mention the
person who is lied to. Such an altitude is reflected by the results of experimental study
of Russian sample (286 persons). 90 participants included negative moral personal
characteristics of a liar in their definition of lie. Statistically significant majority
of participants think that white lie is the most common form, e. i. people lie in order
not to morally damage another person; only 20 participants consider the lie as a means to
protect one's own personal rights. Such an attitude is called subjective-moral one.
On the problem of psychotherapy of, borderline personality disorders
E. T. Sokolova
Family context of forming of borderline personality structure and splitting Self is
analyzed. Pathogenous role of emotional deprivation, emotional symbiosis and other kinds
of psychological and physical abuses in borderline personality disorders is underlined.
The process of Self integration is interpreted after L-S. Vygotsky's cultural-historical
concept. Some case studies from the author's own psychotherapeutical practice are
On Tartu University students' estimation of their future
M. A. Kotik
The author presents a new modification of a method of revealing one's attitude to
personally important events (previous publication see "Voprosy Psychologii",
1994, 1). The method is applied to Tartu University students estimation of their future
career and family life. Estonians are much more optimistic as to their future than
Russians. The differences in estimations are found between boys and girls; students of
different faculties; students with different degrees of academic achievement.
In Russian psychological society
The account of Russian Psychological society foundation and its President address are
Diagnostics of mass media comprehension by senior schoolchildren
Mental development of senior schoolchildren was diagnosed by means of mass media
comprehension as one of its indices. The stages of working out the test for mass media
comprehension and the results of its approbation on a sample of senior schoolchildren are
described. The practical application of such a test is possible in occupational consulting
for sociology, economy, politology, history, etc.
Psychology of environment: sources and directions of development
Yu. G. Abramova
Foreign studies of psychology of environment are reviewed, especially those discussing
interaction of human being and environment. The notions of environmental behavior,
environmental stress, environmental assessment, etc. are presented.
The development of emotion language in children
O. V. Gordeeva
Foreign studies as compared to Russian ones of prerequisites and conditions of emotion
language development are reviewed. The process of interiorization of emotion names, of
their meanings development is shown to represent ontogenetic changes in structure of
meanings. The possibilities of structural analysis for the study of terms describing
emotions are discussed.